The Flight of Bearfoot Manuella Cibimoat

If we cannot live here, we want to go into those mountains and die. We do not want any other home.

~ Cupeño Captain Cecilio Blacktooth
(as translated by Celsa Apapas)

The original name is Cupa. With the arrival of Spanish explorers in 1795 it became Agua Caliente. The first American to claim it in 1844 called it Warner Springs. Bearfoot Manuella Cibimoat called the village home until May 12, 1903, when her people were evicted after a lengthy legal battle. To her credit, the ninety-one-year-old Cupeño woman did not go peacefully.

The night before the removal, women in long dresses chanted dirges around the fires. Nobody slept. In the morning, wagons showed up to haul the Cupeño and their belongings to the reservation at Pala. Bearfoot was having no part of it. When the teamsters threw her household goods into a wagon she shouted at them, “Here I will stay, even if I die, even if the coyotes eat me.”

She yelled defiantly at journalist Grant Wallace, shaking a package of hardtack at his camera. Her long hair flew in a rage. She turned and walked away, past the hot springs and the granite boulders pockmarked with her people’s grinding holes. She climbed toward the sacred peaks that guarded the village — and disappeared.

When a reporter asked why the old woman would flee, Isabella Owlinguish said that when she and Bearfoot were young they were held prisoners at the Pala Mission. Isabella “threw off her shawl and shouted ‘see!’ and showed great calloused marks on her thin shoulders. ‘These we had to keep fresh our memories of Pala mission! What we suffered there … Bearfoot could not forget. She would not look again upon that place … Does the white man think it strange that we did not want to come?’”

A few weeks after the Cupeño reached the reservation at Pala, two of the leaders went into the mountains to talk to Bearfoot. They convinced her to join her exiled people at Pala where she eventually died and was buried. So ends her recorded story.

But I can’t get her picture (from Out West magazine, July, 1903), out of my mind. It’s the only historic photograph I’ve seen where a native woman is visibly angry about what is happening to her people. She’s fighting back. She’s pissed off and not afraid to show it. She’s resisting! Bearfoot may have come to the reservation in body — but not in spirit.

Grant Wallace concluded his article in Out West magazine with the observation, “There would seem to be no reason why these Indians should not soon be happier and more self-reliant at Pala that (sic) at Warner’s Ranch.”

One look at Bearfoot’s face makes it plain he hadn’t heard a word the Cupeño people said.

209 thoughts on “The Flight of Bearfoot Manuella Cibimoat

  1. Pingback: air max 1 cuir. enlarge

  2. Pingback: patagonia womens fitz roy down parka size small

  3. Pingback: mulheres vestido bordado mexicano boho chic hippie estilo 茅tnico vestido de roupas vestidos de praia bo锚mio

  4. Pingback: men the north face orange jacket on poshmark

  5. Pingback: 524 lever back stainless steel cone earrings. perfect for sensitive ears

  6. Pingback: faux leather thigh high boots. worn once

  7. Pingback: 讙诇讬 拽专讟谉 砖诪诇讜转 讻诇讛 砖诪诇讜转 讻诇讛 转诪讜谞讛 267277 诪转讞转谞讬诐

  8. Pingback: lego classic penguin keychain toys games

  9. Pingback: french connection mineral pool cotton pencil skirt

  10. Pingback: bunda alpha mountain jacket

  11. Pingback: womens royal white los angeles dodgers plus size colorblock french terry full zip hoodie

  12. Pingback: under armour womens heatgear amour print ankle crop tights 4 6 purple

  13. Pingback: watch the newest commercials on tv from amazon

  14. Pingback: cheap replica gucci belts uk

  15. Pingback: the best high top zumba shoes to get your groove on zumba

  16. Pingback: hats visors high crown golf visor

  17. Pingback: borsa tracolla per uomo gucci

  18. Pingback: sungas menino preto infantil

  19. Pingback: nwot gap linen blend single box pleat skirt

  20. Pingback: girls dress children kids formal wear princess dress baby wedding dress clothes for girls age 2

  21. Pingback: zna膷kov茅 p谩nske mikiny nike queens

  22. Pingback: adult japanese teenager school uniform students summer school wear male and female high school uniform graduation costume d

  23. Pingback: greenwich medium saffiano leather bucket bag

  24. Pingback: nike magassz谩r煤 tornacip艖k webshop

  25. Pingback: maska spigen ultra hybrid 2 za iphone 8 plus iphone 7 plus crystal clear

  26. Pingback: borse a spalla donna borsa intrecciato in pelle con frange grigio bottega veneta

  27. Pingback: harry potter stuff multi fandom trash wattpad

  28. Pingback: 蟿伪渭伪蟻喂蟽 伪谓慰喂尉畏 魏伪位慰魏伪喂蟻喂 2019

  29. Pingback: retro corduroy cincinnati bengals hat in great osfa depop

  30. Pingback: red suit santa statue detailed face 10 tall rv camper dorm decor teachers gift wreath

  31. Pingback: ultra boost 4.0 for sale hoopjordan

  32. Pingback: authentic dior vintage medium saddle bag

  33. Pingback: casualbox uomo cotone bandana cappellino cappello copricapo

  34. Pingback: fendi crystal hard case for airpods wireless bluetooth headset bag box

  35. Pingback: adidas basketball shoes derrick rose

  36. Pingback: fabletics pants ultracor workout pants. better than lululemon

  37. Pingback: the north face winter sale is now on the north face singapore

  38. Pingback: chargeur iphone 6s

  39. Pingback: brown leopard button down blouse by express. buy for 59 from express

  40. Pingback: levis pants levis destroyed denim cut off shorts

  41. Pingback: olcs贸 2 db capri gyerek cicanadr谩g 146 156 feh茅r

  42. Pingback: 屑褍卸褋泻懈械 褋谢邪薪褑褘 lacoste 泻褍锌懈褌褜 胁 懈薪褌械褉薪械褌 屑邪谐邪蟹懈薪械

  43. Pingback: granule pro 拧t臎艌ata puppy large breed 29 19

  44. Pingback: ladies converse tracksuit sale

  45. Pingback: camiseta blanca con bordado azteca de new look asos gris

  46. Pingback: casa delle bambole leomark

  47. Pingback: tenisice adidas Marathon hr

  48. Pingback: leather jackets overland

  49. Pingback: gold wide fit niscos sundae low heel sandals promheels

  50. Pingback: lep crveni zenski kaput

  51. Pingback: sleeping bags for large adults

  52. Pingback: anne claire petit instant camera

  53. Pingback: chic young woman in a sleek black dress with a in her hand on white background

  54. Pingback: don miguel 2039 italian womens mid heel dressy sandals

  55. Pingback: xlite running range

  56. Pingback: tight tshirt dress adidas clothing on sale up to 50 off

  57. Pingback: urban club wear for women

  58. Pingback: jack jones jcochevron p谩nsk谩 mikina 膷ern谩

  59. Pingback: veryfit 101dix01 black fitness bracelet

  60. Pingback: stussy nike sb kids blue

  61. Pingback: amazon 銉娿偆銈?challenger white blue suede mens trainers

  62. Pingback: tanks l mens clothing karmaloop official streetwear

  63. Pingback: gucci orange embroidered tiger track jacket for men

  64. Pingback: chinelos de anivers谩rio valor cerquilho chinelo

  65. Pingback: womens nike air max 97 kpu sneakers baby pink black nike nd007490

  66. Pingback: new york islanders old time hockey sweatshirts islanders

  67. Pingback: michael michael kors 銉炪偆銈便儷銉炪偆銈便儷銈炽兗銈?銈枫儯銉勩儻銉炽償銉笺偣 銈广儓銉┿偆銉楁焺 闈?鐧?涓彜銉栥儵銉炽儔閫氳博銇畆eclo

  68. Pingback: nike zoom sb janoski

  69. Pingback: mvmt n艖i 贸ra fc01 s stella

  70. Pingback: jual jersey prematch manchester united hitam 2019 grade ori

  71. Pingback: apple predstavio iphone 11 iphone 11 pro i pro max bih

  72. Pingback: golden goose global

  73. Pingback: giacca montone sintetico

  74. Pingback: gucci washed t shirt with donald duck in white for men lyst

  75. Pingback: botina ou bota

  76. Pingback: piombo natural porcelain tile from our forte tile collection

  77. Pingback: zapatillas swift run adidas

  78. Pingback: salomon x ultra trek gtx hiking schuhe herren schwarz

  79. Pingback: set placat argint lantisor si cercei cuburi seven

  80. Pingback: sneakers aus leder blue calvin klein herren sneaker

  81. Pingback: felpa yoda

  82. Pingback: accessoires de mode pour femme et maquillage t茅l茅charger

  83. Pingback: adidas superstar bruin dames

  84. Pingback: 纬蠀谓伪喂魏蔚喂伪 蠁慰蠀位伪蟻喂伪 axel

  85. Pingback: pantalones rotos con parche hombre pantalones y jeans azul

  86. Pingback: jumper cables 10 gauge

  87. Pingback: butik beba svecane haljine

  88. Pingback: nike air more uptempo 96 d谩msk茅

  89. Pingback: dewalt akumulatorska motorna pila

  90. Pingback: hamelin cartable scolaire a roulettes puma camo cm fournitures de bureau

  91. Pingback: badeanzug damen mit polster

  92. Pingback: 蟹芯谢芯褌褘械 薪邪褌械谢褜薪褘械 懈泻芯薪泻懈 泻褍锌懈褌褜 胁 屑芯褋泻胁械

  93. Pingback: volejbalov谩 obuv asics gel task m b703y 100

  94. Pingback: gucci metallic feline pearl drop earrings in silver lyst

  95. Pingback: new in box lego friends 41341 nexo knights 70319

  96. Pingback: kate spade small dody cameron street bag nightlife blue for sale online

  97. Pingback: metalci stok foto

  98. Pingback: river island plus floral scallop bikini brief

  99. Pingback: big bud press los angeles made everyday rainbow wear project video thumbnail

  100. Pingback: bra sized swim tops best selling

  101. Pingback: h忙klede kager fra sebra

  102. Pingback: 屑褍卸褋泻邪褟 褋褍屑泻邪 褔械褉械蟹 锌谢械褔芯 ouis vuitton 胁 泻邪褌械谐芯褉懈懈 屑褍卸褋泻懈械 褋褍屑泻懈

  103. Pingback: goldray abbigliamento

  104. Pingback: 12 najboljih erotskih romana ikada

  105. Pingback: 兀賳賵丕毓 賯賲丕卮 丕賱賲賱丕賷丕 賵兀爻毓丕乇賴丕

  106. Pingback: battle t patch tee shirt in black with velcro patch capability

  107. Pingback: 蟹懈屑芯胁褨 泻芯屑斜褨薪械蟹芯薪懈 写懈褌褟褔懈泄 褋胁褨褌 胁 谢褜胁褨胁

  108. Pingback: trade shows nyc show recap project mrket

  109. Pingback: liela izm膿ra trikot膩啪as saraf膩ni ar ko

  110. Pingback: michael kors womens wallet mk money pieces logo checked long purse

  111. Pingback: shop fox metal cutting band saw 7 x 12 m1014 penn tool

  112. Pingback: mauve scarpe yeezy

  113. Pingback: recette de gateau pour enfant facile

  114. Pingback: 2020 lebron icon scarpe

  115. Pingback: goyard black grenelle passport holder wallet 41 off retail

  116. Pingback: laeticia dreams damen overall jumpsuit catsuit einteiler

  117. Pingback: wiosenne p艂aszcze

  118. Pingback: icepeak piumino leggero sottogiacca nero dark

  119. Pingback: vintage levis womens denim jacket fur red tab retro jean jacket size large

  120. Pingback: genuine rrl ralph lauren tan leather shoulder bag

  121. Pingback: 蟺喂伪蟿伪 渭伪蠀蟻伪 蟺喂维蟿伪

  122. Pingback: baba haszn谩ltruha web谩ruh谩z

  123. Pingback: helle jeans hose damen

  124. Pingback: zaini leggerissimi

  125. Pingback: tenis jordan todos los modelos y colores

  126. Pingback: fabrica de platos

  127. Pingback: synsam 4 5 kvadrat

  128. Pingback: adidas yeezy 350 v2 cream white originals shoes for sale in cheras

  129. Pingback: antique victorian 9ct yellow gold shell cameo stick tie pin

  130. Pingback: bromley collection womens brown leather jacket overstock

  131. Pingback: solid black thigh high socks luxury divas

  132. Pingback: chaussure de luxe pas cher homme

  133. Pingback: fredrikstad fotballklubb sport asa

  134. Pingback: pantofle converse one star sandal wms 膷ern谩

  135. Pingback: quadros para sala comprar

  136. Pingback: bershka bluzka z odkrytymi ramionami w bluzki

  137. Pingback: designer childrenswear sale

  138. Pingback: image is loading puma bucket hat woman

  139. Pingback: zoggs damen badeanzug eden starback

  140. Pingback: get online to a store to buy from petit bateau

  141. Pingback: czechy chorwacja wynik

  142. Pingback: givenchy sneakers

  143. Pingback: blanca ripndip sudadera

  144. Pingback: armani bucket hat

  145. Pingback: aqua blauwe avondjurk

  146. Pingback: how to wear a sweater over a dress until the very trend

  147. Pingback: vir谩gos l谩nyka ruha r贸zsasz铆n megk枚t艖vel

  148. Pingback: alpargatas zalando

  149. Pingback: zara mochila polipiel hombre

  150. Pingback: tommy hilfiger tommy x gigi venice jeans liked on polyvore featuring jeans

  151. Pingback: klocki z literami

  152. Pingback: obr膮czki 艣lubne oryginalne

  153. Pingback: sandal balenciaga

  154. Pingback: fundas para samsung galaxy j4 2018

  155. Pingback: kikker tv

  156. Pingback: gucci mens common gg supreme low top sneakers

  157. Pingback: disney hercegn艖s cipz谩ros l谩nyka t谩ska

  158. Pingback: galaxy vans boty

  159. Pingback: مناسبة ل iPhoneX مخصص سامسونج S10 شاومي 9SE مضيئة إطار زجاجي قوي للهاتف المحمول التخصيص الزجاج جراب هاتف مصنوع خصيصًا

  160. Pingback: 谞注诇讬 讛诇讬讻讛 注诐 讘讜诇诪讬 讝注讝讜注讬诐

  161. Pingback: shopping special balenciaga metallic edge city mini leather

  162. Pingback: zapatillas que estan de moda

  163. Pingback: p谩nske hodinky weide stylo 膷ierne po拧tovn茅 len za 1 euro

  164. Pingback: kismama nadr谩g 34 es 1 500 ft

  165. Pingback: jordan retro 3 all nero

  166. Pingback: hombre bolsos naranja tanino

  167. Pingback: elie tahari velvet vestito

  168. Pingback: jamaica jaxx silk shirt khaki with floral and 13 similar items. 009

  169. Pingback: nero pizzo avvolgere vestito

  170. Pingback: ايفونكس ماكس تحطيم مقاومة حقيبة هاتف محمول الأزهار جراب هاتف بالجملة أربعة زوايا مكافحة سقوط جراب هاتف مصنوع خصيصًا

  171. Pingback: 诪诇讻讜讚转 讛讟诇讛 诇讬转讜砖 讛谞诪专 讛讗住讬讬转讬

  172. Pingback: japan photo mobile

  173. Pingback: nouveaut茅 e air max 90 ultra 2.0 flyknit chaussures de course

  174. Pingback: bonia maroon leather handbag

  175. Pingback: 诇讬讙转 讛注诇 讛驻讜注诇 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 谞讬爪讞讛 72 74 讘谞讛专讬讛 讜讻驻转讛 诪砖讞拽 5

  176. Pingback: corte ingles kanken

  177. Pingback: kalhoty prodlou啪en谩 d茅lka nejlep拧铆 ceny

  178. Pingback: adidas adipro 18 kapusmez l s 29

  179. Pingback: kate spade jackson street jada wallet youtube

  180. Pingback: schulrucks盲cke g眉nstig online kaufen gratis lieferung

  181. Pingback: mochilas de moda hombre

  182. Pingback: carcasa para tablet samsung

  183. Pingback: l氓ng盲rmad r枚d kl盲nning

  184. Pingback: trench coats coats for women 2019 mango united kingdom

  185. Pingback: chanel 銈枫儯銉嶃儷 銉炪儓銉┿儍銈?銈儵銉冦儊銉愩儍銈?銉┿儬銈广偔銉?銈枫儷銉愩兗 鐧?銉炪儷銉併偒銉┿兗 銉戙儍銉併儻銉笺偗 銈裤儍銈汇儷 2016銈儷銉笺偤 涓彜銉栥儵銉炽儔閫氳

  186. Pingback: womens apt. 9 tankini swimsuit tops swimsuits

  187. Pingback: black cross body bags in every price range

  188. Pingback: whistles jumper vestito

  189. Pingback: lego 5004077 lego exclusive sir fangar w cape minifigure minifig loose

  190. Pingback: lundby premium dukkehus med lys

  191. Pingback: nike phantom tam prof

  192. Pingback: calzones comestibles

  193. Pingback: primavera sobna vrata

  194. Pingback: buffalo plaid porch rug

  195. Pingback: Funda Samsung personalizada Metal suave silicona a prueba de golpes Note 10 PLus ( Pro )

  196. Pingback: evergreen tackle bag system fishing bag modo camo

  197. Pingback: shoes botas

  198. Pingback: only and sons jeans

  199. Pingback: juegos de 2 a帽os

  200. Pingback: 专转讻转 co2 诪砖讜诇讘转 karnaf 230v

  201. Pingback: gucci brown gradient cat eye sunglasses 003 57 gucci

  202. Pingback: 膷e拧t铆 hokejist茅 nastoup铆 proti rakousku s postupovou

  203. Pingback: tri膷ko merch majk spirit

  204. Pingback: blazer com bot玫es dourados bord么 plus size

  205. Pingback: bottines en cuir marron lisse ara femme 脿 talon bottier

  206. Pingback: bebedouro de agua natural e gelada

  207. Pingback: everyday ladies board shorts pwc jetski ride race

  208. Pingback: abiti da sposa nicole spose

  209. Pingback: nike zoom vomero 10 mujer

Comments are closed.